Examination of impediments to marriage 

Before the marriage ceremony, you must request an examination of impediments to marriage. The examination ensures that no impediments referred to in the Finnish Marriage Act exist for the marriage. Such impediments include minor age, a valid marriage or a registered partnership, and a family connection that is too close.  

In the application, you must declare that there is no impediment to marriage. At the same time, you must report the last name you have chosen.  

You cannot be married without an examination of the impediments to marriage.

Make a request for an examination well in advance of the planned date of marriage, as the examination is valid for four months. The examination of impediments to marriage takes at least seven days. If one of you is a foreigner, you should reserve several weeks for the processing the matter.  

The examination of the impediments to marriage that we have made is acceptable in other Nordic countries as such. So if you are going to marry in another Nordic country, you only have to ask for an examination once: either from us or from the authority of the wedding country. The examination carried out in another Nordic country is also acceptable as such in Finland. If the examination is carried out with us, ask for the examination using the form on this page. If the examination is carried out in a wedding state, please use this form. 

Are your data in the Population Information System? 

The information needed to examine impediments to marriage is checked in the Population Information System. The key information needed is the marital status of the couple, which ensures that the spouses do not have a valid marriage or a registered partnership.  

If you have doubts that your marital status has not been entered in the Population Register System or that it is entered incorrectly, check your marital status from the check your data service or contact us. 

If you or your spouse's marital status information does not exist in the Population Information System, you must prove your marital status with an appropriate certificate. You can request a certificate of your marital status from the embassy or consulate of your state of residence/citizenship. In such a case, the certificate does not have to be legalised. You can also request a certificate of marital status from the Population Register Authorities of your state of residence/citizenship. In most cases, the document must be translated and legalised. See our instructions for the legalisation of documents.  

If neither of you is a Finnish citizen and neither is resident in Finland, you must send us a certificate from the authorities of your state of residence/citizenship indicating that you are allowed to enter into the marriage in question in Finland.  

Surname 

You must indicate which last name you use after the marriage ceremony. You can read more about last name selection on our website. 

After examining the impediments to marriage 

Once the person examining the impediments to marriage has determined that there are no impediments to your marriage, a certificate of this examination will be sent to you either by e-mail or by post. The certificate is valid for 4 months from the date of issue and has been signed with a digital signature.  

If our officiator will marry you two, you don't need to bring a certificate to the marriage ceremony. If the marriage ceremony is carried out by another officiator, you must submit the certificate to them before the marriage ceremony, otherwise you cannot be married. 

Before the marriage ceremony, an examination of impediments to marriage must be carried out. This ensures that no impediments referred to in the Finnish Marriage Act exist for the marriage. At the same time, you must notify the surname you have chosen.

You should submit your application for an examination of impediments in good time before the day on which you plan to marry. The examination of impediments to marriage takes at least seven days. If one of you is a foreigner, you should allow several weeks for the examination of impediments. The certificate is valid for four months after the date of issue.

The examination of impediments uses data from the Population Information System. If the Population Information System does not contain information on your or your spouse’s marital status, you must obtain and submit a marital status certificate issued by an authority of your home country. In some cases, the marital status certificate must be legalised.

  • A foreign partner

The marital status certificate is accepted in Finnish, Swedish and English. If necessary, it must be translated into one of these languages. A translation made by an authorised translator in Finland does not have to be legalised. A translation made abroad must be legalised, unless it has been made by a translator who is qualified for the task under legislation of an EU Member State. A marital status certificate obtained from an EU Member State does not have to be translated, if a standard form pursuant to an EU regulation is attached to it.

  • Both fiancé(e)s foreigners

If neither of you is a Finnish citizen and neither of you has a place of domicile in Finland, you must submit both a marital status certificate and a certificate obtained from the authorities of your respective home countries that you may contract this marriage in Finland.

  • Marriage abroad

If you are getting married abroad, you can ask the local register office to give you a certificate that certifies that according to Finnish law there is no impediment to contract the marriage.

Do the following

First check if your marital status information has been entered in the Population Information System Check your personal data or by contacting us. 

Our marital status information is contained in the Population Information System  

1. Fill in and submit the form below electronically in the lomake.fi service. Using the electronic form requires a Finnish ID and a strong identification from both spouses. You will not be notified of the sending of the form by e-mail, but it will appear on the lomake.fi service as sent in your own information. If the form is only displayed as saved, you will still need to send it to us.  

Fill out the form in the lomake.fi service 

You can also fill in the form below and send it to us by post at the Digital and Population Data Services Agency, P.O. Box 1003, 02151 Espoo or by e-mail at marriage ceremony @ dvv.fi. 

 Form for a request for the examination of impediments to marriage 

2. Once you have received the certificate of examination, please check that the certificate is correctly marked with the surnames after the marriage ceremony and that the certificate is valid on the day of the marriage. 

There is no marital status information for one or both spouses in the Population Information System 

1. Obtain a certificate of your marital status from the authorities of your State of residence/citizenship.  

2. Find out whether the certificate must be legalised or translated.  

See separate instructions for legalisation 

3. Please complete and print the form below. 

Form for a request for the examination of impediments to marriage 

4. Send us a mail to the Digital and Population Data Services Agency, P.O. Box 1003, 02151 Espoo 

  • original certificate of your marital status 

  • its translations and legalisations, if needed  

  • the form above 

  • a copy or photo of the passport of the spouse whose data is not available in the Population Information System. 

You can also visit any of our service locations. Make an appointment with our appointment service. You can also bring documents into a service location mailbox. In such a case, write your contact details in the envelope and that the documents are related to the examination of impediments to marriage. 

5. Once you have received the certificate of examination, please check that the certificate is correctly marked with the surnames after the marriage ceremony and that the certificate is valid on the day of the marriage. 

Checklist

  • Please note that you must have a valid proof of identity that you must present at the marriage ceremony at the latest
  • If you have doubts that your marital status has not been entered in the Population Register System or that it is entered incorrectly, check your marital status from the check your data service (in Finnish and Swedish) or contact us.

  • If you are

    • a foreigner, and your marital status has not been registered in the Population Information System, you must submit a marital status certificate issued by a competent authority of your home country in order to have the investigation of impediments to marriage carried out.
    • A Finnish citizen and your marital status has not been registered in the Population Information System or your marital status there is incorrect, the information must be updated in the Population Information System before the investigation of impediments to marriage. For this purpose, you must submit a marital status certificate from your last country of residence.
    • A Finnish citizen, but have lived abroad all your life or since you became of age, you must submit a marital status certificate issued by your last country of residence in order to have the investigation of impediments to marriage carried out.
  • The marital status certificate must be original and less than four months old, unless another period of validity is stated in the certificate. The certificate must also be legalised.
  • The marital status certificate does not have to be legalised, if it has been issued by
    • an embassy or a consulate of your country of citizenship.
    • an EU Member State.
  • The marital status certificate is accepted in the Finnish, Swedish and English language. In other cases, you might have to have the certificate translated into one of these languages. The translation too must be legalised.
  • However, the translation does not need to be legalised, if it is made by
    • a translator authorised in Finland
    • a translator who is qualified for the task under legislation of an EU Member State.
  • A translation is not required, if the certificate is issued by an EU Member State and a standard form pursuant to an EU regulation is attached to it.

Frequently asked questions and answers

Key terms

Impediment to marriage 

  • Impediments include a currently valid marriage or registered partnership, close kinship, an age of under 18 years or one of the spouses is a child adopted by the other one 

Marital status certificate 

  • A certificate that proves your marital status, i.e. whether you are unmarried, divorced or a widow.  

Legalisation of a document 

  • A procedure associated with your legal protection to ensure that the document is valid in the country it was issued in and that the issuer of the certificate has the right to issue the certificate pursuant to the laws of the country of issue. 

Contact us

Email

Please use secure email if your message contains personal or otherwise confidential information. Choose one of these addresses as the recipient:

Send secure email

Telephone

Telephone service from Monday to Friday 9–12

Telephone number +358 295 536 244, the service number is national. 

Service locations

Service locations

Postal address (prenuptial agreements)

Digital and Population Data Services Agency, P.O. Box 1003, FI-02151 Espoo