Municipality of residence
What is a municipality of residence?
Finland is divided into several administrative regions called municipalities. Municipalities offer various services to the people living in them, such as public healthcare and child day-care. If you have a municipality of residence, you usually have the right to use the services provided by this municipality. You may also need a municipality of residence to be able to use the services provided by the state authorities or to be granted financial benefits or subsidies. A municipality of residence is also needed for obtaining a Finnish identity card and a driving licence.
Who can get a municipality of residence?
If you live in Finland, you can get a municipality of residence in Finland if you meet certain conditions. Your municipality of residence and the permanent address associated with it will also be registered in the Population Information System. The municipality of residence is always registered by the Digital and Population Data Services Agency.
The general conditions for receiving a municipality of residence are entering Finland and living in this country. You can prove your entry by visiting any of our service locations in person. In addition, you must be planning to live in Finland for at least one year.
You can get a municipality of residence if you have entered Finland legally, you are planning to live in Finland for more than a year, and you meet one of the following conditions:
1. You are a citizen of a Nordic country
2. You are a citizen of an EU country, Switzerland or Liechtenstein and:
- you have a decision made by the Finnish Immigration Service to register your right of residence of an EU citizen or;
- you have a family member* who has a municipality of residence in Finland
3. You are a citizen of some other country and:
- you have a family member* who has a municipality of residence in Finland or;
- you have a residence card for a family member of an EU citizen from the Finnish Immigration Service or;
- you have a continuous (A) or permanent (P) residence permit or;
- you have a temporary (B) residence permit, which is valid for at least one year, plus one of the following:
- an employment contract or a certificate of student status which shows that your employment or studies will continue for at least two years or;
- you have already lived in Finland for at least one year or;
- you have previously had a municipality of residence in Finland;
- you are of Finnish descent
* Family member: spouse, guardian or dependent child. A cohabiting partner may also be considered a family member if you have lived together continuously for at least 2 years before moving or if you share a custody of a child you have together
How do I get a municipality of residence?
To register a municipality of residence, you usually need to visit the Digital and Population Data Services Agency in person. The only exception is if you already have a personal identity code and the Finnish Immigration Service has granted you the right of residence of an EU citizen or an EU family member's residence card in the last 12 months. In this case, you can get a municipality of residence by submitting a notification of move at the post office or on the internet. You can use the notification of move even if your address does not change when the municipality of residence is registered. In this case, enter the state from which you moved to Finland in the field “Old address abroad”. Enter your current address in the field “New address in Finland”. As the date of the move, you can enter the date from which you want to have your municipality of residence registered and your address to be permanent. However, the date of the move must be within a month of the date on which you submitted the notification. If more than one month has passed since the date of the move, the date on which the notification of move has arrived at our office will be registered as the moving date.
Do the following
1. Read the section “How do I get a municipality of residence?” to find out if you can get a municipality of residence by submitting a notification of move or if you need to visit our service location in person. .
- If your municipality of residence can be registered using the notification of move, submit the notification either on the internet, at a post office or in a Post-in-Shop service.
- If you need to visit an office, make an appointment at www.dvv.fi/reservation and select the International registrations service.
2. Please bring the following documents with you:
- Your valid passport or EU citizen’s official identity card with a photograph
- A document proving your right to a municipality of residence:
your residence permit card or a certificate of registration of the right of residence of an EU citizen
proof of work or studies in Finland lasting more than 2 years (employment contract or certificate of student status) if you can receive a municipality of residence based on your temporary residence permit B.
the original, legalised and translated certificates of family relations, if you can receive a municipality of residence based on family relations. Remember to check if the certificates must be legalised and/or translated.