Reform of personal identity code
On this page, you can find updated information about issues related to the VTJ query interface and the renewal of personal identity codes. General information on the reform can be found on the website of the Ministry of Finance and on the project page of the Digital and Population Data Services Agency.
Background information on the reform
In the current personal identity code model, each day has a limited number of codes, and now the number of identity codes is running low for some days. In other words, the most urgent reform needs of the personal identity code system are related to ensuring that there is a sufficient number of personal identity codes available. No changes will be made to the current personal identity codes.
An identifier would be introduced for use alongside the personal identity code, and later on the gender identifier would be removed from the new personal identity codes. In addition, the possibility of remote registration would be introduced for those who move to Finland from abroad because of work or studies.
The implementation of the reform requires legislative amendments, and the new legislation is expected to enter into force on 1 January 2023.
Benefits of the reform
- ensures the sufficient availability of personal identity codes,
- facilitates the use of Finnish services by foreigners,
- enables the use of the new identifier and
- improves equality by removing the gender information from new personal identity codes.
Schedule of the reform
- The Finnish Government's proposal for the reform is to be submitted to Parliament in autumn 2022.
- The proposed legislative amendments should enter into force on 1 January 2023.
- The amendments concerning gender-neutral personal identity codes would enter into force on 1 January 2027.
New punctuation marks for personal identity codes 1 January 2023
The sufficient availability of personal identity codes is ensured by introducing new punctuation marks. The current personal identity codes will not be voided, which means that the personal identity codes that have already been granted, would remain unchanged.
The new punctuation marks are:
- For those born in the 2000s: B, C, D, E and F, from letter B to replace current letter A
- For those born in the 20th century, Y, X, W, V, U, from the letter Y to replace the current symbol -.
The Excel table contains imaginary test persons with the new types of punctuation. You can use the material to test how the new personal identity codes work in your system.
Issues and changes related to the VTJ query interface will be updated here in more detail later.
In the remote registration procedure, a foreigner (for example, a person moving to Finland to work or study) could register their data in the Population Information System using a smartphone and obtain a Finnish personal identity code before arriving in Finland. The identity of the person registering would be verified automatically in the remote registration procedure with the passport chip and facial recognition software.
Organisation customers will be able to test remote registration in their own systems starting from August-September 2022.
If the organisation wants remote registration as part of its own information system, the existing data access authorisation must be changed. The data is accompanied by a new method of identification, which can be used to distinguish between remote data subjects and those identified in some other way.
You can make changes to the data permit application in the autumn. We will inform about this later.
If the organisation does not need remote registration data, it also does not need to modify its data permit.
News and changes related to the VTJ query interface will be updated here later.
The new identifier would be an identification code that is completely separate from personal data that could not be used to determine the age of the person. The new identifier would be added to the Population Information System for each person with a Finnish personal identity code. The code would be 11 characters long.
The new identifier would not replace the personal identity code. On the other hand, companies, organisations and authorities that do not want to or cannot process personal identity codes, for example for data protection reasons, could opt to use the identifier as a unique ID code for employees or customers.
Using the identifier is voluntary for the organisation
In the Government proposal, the introduction of the identifier is voluntary for organisations. As a result, only organisations that decide to introduce the use of the identifier will incur costs. The costs are mainly incurred from system updates.
Organisations that do not decide to use the new identifier will continue to use the personal identity code as now.
When would the new identifier be introduced?
The new identifier would be introduced in the Population Information System from the beginning of 2023. Other societal actors would also be allowed to start using the identifier from the beginning of 2023. However, each organisation would decide on its own implementation in its own operations and define its own possible implementation schedule.
Changes to personal identity codes 1 January 2027
From the beginning of 2027, gender would no longer be determinable from the identification number of the personal identity code. In the personal identity code, the individual number is the three-digit number following the punctuation mark, which is currently an even number for women and an odd number for men. For personal identity codes issued after the change, the number would be random.
- Technical questions related to the VTJ query interface, [email protected]
- In general questions related to personal identity code reforms, [email protected]
General information on the reform can be found on the website of the Ministry of Finance and on the project page of the Digital and Population Data Services Agency.